Khabilov Tolibdzhon Kadyrovich, Doctor of biological sciences, professor, director of the Institute of Natural Sciences, Khujand State University named after academician B. Gafurov (1 Mavlonbekova lane, Khujand, the Republic of Tajikistan), email@example.com
Tadzhibaeva Dilbar Ergashovna, Researcher, the Institute of Natural Sciences, Khujand State University named after academician B. Gafurov (1 Mavlonbekova lane, Khujand, the Republic of Tajikistan), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The aim of the present research was studied the biology and distribution a new species Rhinolophus lepidus Blyth, 1844 with sympatric species Rhinolophus hipposideros (Borkhausen, 1797) in Tajikistan and Central Asia.
Materials and methods. Materials for this work was obtained during our field research in northern Tajikistan in 2015–2016 years, museum collection in Tashkent National Institute of Plants and Animals Gene fund and the literature data.
Results. In Tajikistan for the first time founded a new species of bats – Rh. lepidus, that are distributed now only in three points: in Zerafshan river valley (Central Tajikistan) – in the north slope of Zerafshan mountain range (Shing); in the north of Tajikistan (on the border with Uzbekistan) – in the north slope of Kurama mountain range (Zarnisor); in the south of Tajikistan – on Gissar mountains – Magov (Romit valley). Hibernation in Tajikistan are described for the first time in Central Asia like colony from 20 individuals that we find in old mine in Magov.
Conclusions. In Tajikistan Rh. lepidus distributed now only in Zerafshan, Kurama and Gissar mountain ranges, the same time, the other sympatric species Rh. hipposideros (Borkhausen,1797) founded in Kurama, Darvaz and Ishkashim mountain ranges.
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